What specific groups were in the lowest part of Society?
3. Why did immigrants turn to political machines? Next page: Carnivals of Revenge-link at bottom of first page.
How many strikes occurred in the 1880s?
5. What was governmental policy toward strikes? 6. What did laborers do in response to the hard line taken by factory owners and the government? 7. What is the result of the labor-owner clashes?
Next link: Millionaire’s Row-link at bottom of page Read through Millionaires Row and check out the houses of the wealthy industrialists-it must be nice! 8. What two “Robber Barons” worked out of Pittsburgh?
Next link: go to People and Events; click on Herbert Spencer (the funny looking guy)
Summarize the theory put forth by Spencer in his philosophy of Social Darwinism:
Next link: http://guweb2.gonzaga.edu/faculty/campbell/enl311/1870.htm On the bottom of this sheet, using the timelines for the 1870s, 1880s, and 1890s, organize a list of economic and political events of the Gilded Age such as mergers, deals, scandals, strikes, etc…organize by date! Next link: http://www.authentichistory.com/images/postcivilwar/cartoons/pcw_cartoons01.html 10. Check out the political cartoons. Pick 2 that relate to our studies. List their title and their relevance. Analysis Question:
What is the main cause of all the turbulence of the Gilded Age? Explain:
Worksheet #3: Issues of the Gilded Age
1. What author is responsible for coining this phrase?
2. What were some of the positive and negative characteristics of this time period?
POSITIVE: NEGATIVE: Tension among minority groups, as well as between minorities and the dominant culture, was a common issue in the 1800s. Check out this political cartoon.
3. Identify the three figures in the cartoon, and what each represents. What clues tell you their identities? 4. What is the main idea of this cartoon?
5. Do you think this cartoonist is pro- or anti-immigrant? Explain your response. Many Mexican-Americans living in the Southwest were furious that property once used communally was now being deeded and sold to individual owners. One group that protested this was Las Gorras Blancas.
6. What does “Las Gorras Blancas” translate to in English?
7. What two groups were the primary targets of Las Gorras Blancas?
8. What tactics were used by this group in its efforts to achieve its goals?
9. For what crime was Susan B. Anthony put on trial?
10. What controversial move was taken by the judge once the lawyers had finished their arguments? 11. What punishment was imposed on Susan B. Anthony after the verdict?
Corruption was not uncommon during the Gilded Age. One of the most infamously crooked government officials of the time was William Marcy Tweed.
12. In what city did Boss Tweed operate?
13. What questionable/illegal activities were practiced by Boss Tweed and the Tweed Ring? How much money did these men cost the city?
14. Name the two prominent individuals who helped to take down the Tweed Ring, and explain how each contributed. 15. Check out this political cartoon that appeared in Harper’s Weekly. What point is the cartoonist making? 16. What happened to Boss Tweed in the end? During the Gilded Age, America elected a series of...let’s call them “less-than-stellar” presidents.
17. Explain what James Garfield was doing for the last three months or so of his time as president.
18. How did Chester A. Arthur become president of the United States? 19. What makes Grover Cleveland unique as a president? (And no, it’s not that he was born in Jersey!) 20. What two important events in Cleveland’s personal life occurred while he served as POTUS? 21. What was unusual about Benjamin Harrison’s win in the Election of 1888?